Mosque (Yakub Bey)
Region: District of the Old Mosque – Cami-i Atik
Street & number: Papakonstantinou Neretis & Kresnas
Construction year: end of the 15th century (period of Ottoman rule)
At the beginning of the 20th century, Florina had seven mosques scattered all over the city to serve the religious needs of Muslims. The religious center of the city during the Ottoman period was the area enclosed by the streets of Alexander the Great in the north, Papakonstantinou Neretis to the southwest and Kresna to the east (Kaskamanidis, 2006: 50).
In this area, the Yakup Bey mosque, also known as Çarsi Cami (market mosque), was located north of the city’s weekly market (Cohen, 1920: 115. Kaskamanidis, 2006), as reported by the traveler Evliya Celebi , who visited Florina after the middle of the 17th century (Dimitriadis, 1973).
The building complex consisted of the mosque, the tekke of the dervishes belonging to the Naksibedi Battalion, the Abbot of the Sheikh Ali Dedde and the Teke’s Hostel, the Dervish Cemetery and the Mentrese (sacred school) (Meakis, 2003: 18- 32). This was at the same time a religious center and center of Muslim studies.
In this district there were many of the city’s commercial shops as well as the buildings of the Ottoman administration in its western section, which leads us to conclude that it is one of the oldest Muslim districts in the city, if not the oldest (Cohen, 1920 : 115. Kaskamanidis, 2006).
Cohen, M. (1920). «Villes macédoniennes. Florina – Nevolani “, La Geographie, Vol. XXXIV, p. 115, as mentioned in: Kaskamanidis, I. (2006). The city and the districts of Florina during the Late Ottoman period. Department of Social Anthropology and History, University of the Aegean (unpublished thesis), p. 50.
Dimitriadis, B. (1973). Central and Western Macedonia, according to Evliya Celembi. Thessaloniki: Society of Macedonian Studies.
Kaskamanidis, I. (2006). The city and the districts of Florina during the Late Ottoman period. Department of Social Anthropology and History, University of the Aegean (unpublished diploma thesis).
Meakis, D. (2003). Neighborhoods of Florina. Journal Company, 37, Florina: Florina’s Literature and Arts Society, pp. 18-32.
Oikonomou, A., Papayannakis, M. & Stoyos, a. (2013). FOR FLORINA. Architectural Landscapes of the Past. Florina: Museum of Contemporary Art Florina, pp. 24-26.