Ottoman Bath (Hammam)

    Area: River of Sakuleva

    Street & Number: Aristotle Street, West Side of Justice Square

    Day of construction:  late 16th c. – beginning of the 17th c. (period of Ottoman domination)

    Hammam. Archives D. Mekasis, 1992

    Traveler Evliya Celebi reports that in 1661 there were two baths in the city of Florina. A bath was on today’s Constantine Palaiologou Street and was demolished during the interwar period (Dimitriadis, 1975). The second bath is what we see and was in operation until 1958 (Meaksis, 1994). The city of Florina, until the beginning of the 20th century (1912), was under the Ottoman domination. It was a multinational city with a strong presence of the Muslim community until 1924.

    The baths (hammam) is an indispensable element in the daily life of a city inhabited by Muslims. It serves basic hygiene needs, it is a place of rest, fun and entertainment, especially for women who have little opportunity for social life. Muslims go to the bath (steam bath) at least once a week, especially at times when there were no baths in the houses.

    The Ottoman bath was built in three time periods:
    – late 16th c. – beginning of the 17th century: the original department was built.
    – 19th century: there were interventions on the walls
    – early twentieth century: a single-storey dressing room was added to the bathroom.

    Central core: dimensions 640X495 cm.
    Warm room: dimensions 345Χ348Χ462 cm.
    Cauldron space: dimensions 150 ως 200 cm.
    Ηemispherical dome: Ιt is based on four halves, which are in the corners.

    Cross section (Oikonomou, Papayannakis & Stoyos, 2013: 22).

    Longitudinal incision (Oikonomou, Papayannakis & Stoyos, 2013: 22).


    Inside the bathroom: On the three walls there are 3 fountains, while in the fourth (SE) there is a recess with arch, probably the original entrance. There are two niches in the northwest and the northwest wall. In the SW wall there is a small opening to control the water level in the cauldron.
    Individual bathroom (dimensions 150X160X284 cm) and anteroom (dimensions 153X220X292 cm): SW of the central core. The antechamber has a 5-hole dome for lighting needs. Outside the building, on the NW side, the ruins of space for the fire supply are distinguished (Oikonomou, Papagiannakis & Stoyos, 2013).

    Masonry: carved and irregular stones, baked briquettes and a mixture of lime, sand and water.
    Institution: masonry with roasted bricks and stone, while the floor consists of 12 large marble slabs.

    NE view of bath (Economou, Papayannakis & Stoyos, 2013: 20)

    Node view of bath (Economou, Papayannakis & Stoyos, 2013: 20).

    Individual bathroom and anteroom floor: cement flooring with mosaic-like decoration.
    Dome: baked briquettes.
    Cauldron space: two large shale plates.

    Bibliography
    Dimitriadis, BΒ. (1975). Central and Western Macedonia, according to Evlija Celebi. Thessaloniki: Society of Macedonian Studies.
    Mekasis, D. (1994). Konstantinos Palaiologou Street. Journal Etairia, no. 15. Florina: Florina’s Literature and Arts Society, pp. 34-39.
    Oikonomou, A., Papayannakis, M. & Stoyos, A. (2013). FOR FLORINA. Architectural Landscapes of the Past. Florina: Museum of Contemporary Art Florina, pp. 19-23.